One of California’s recent COVID-19 laws, AB 685 which requires employers to notify employees who have possibly been exposed to the virus and report workplace outbreaks to the local health department, went into effect January 1, 2021. This law also allows the Division of Occupational Health and Safety to more aggressively enforce health and safety standards to prevent workplace exposure to and spread of COVID-19 including potentially shutting down an entire worksite or specific worksite area if an imminent hazard related to COVID-19 is identified.
As previously reported in Spotlight, the California Department of Public Health issued two documents on AB 685 compliance. WG members are urged to take notice of the following implications:
In its requirements for employers, AB 685 refers to terms as defined by the CDPH. CDPH definitions for these terms are below.
- COVID-10 Outbreak: A COVID-19 outbreak is defined as at least three COVID-19 cases among workers at the same worksite within a 14-day period.
- Infectious Period: For an individual who develops symptoms, the infection period begins 2 days before they first develop symptoms and ends when 10 days have passed since symptoms first appeared AND at least 24 hours have passed with no fever (without use of fever-reducing medications) AND other symptoms have improved. For an individual who tests positive but never develops symptoms, the infectious period begins 2 days before the specimen for their first positive COVID-19 test was collected and ends 10 days after the specimen for their first positive COVID-19 test was collected.
- Laboratory-Confirmed Case: A positive result on any viral test for COVID-19.
Click here to access the CDPH’s Employer Guidance on AB 685: Definitions page.
2. Employer Questions
The CDPH guidance addresses employer questions about AB 685, including:
- What information am I required to give workers, and which workers must be notified?
- When am I required to report COVID-19 cases to the local health department, and what information should I report?
- How do local health departments and CDPH use the information I report?
- Who qualifies as a COVID-19 case?
- What does AB 685 authorize CAL/OSHA to do?
- Which employers have to follow AB 685?
- Where can I find more information about AB 685 and COVID-19 in the workplace?
Click here to access CDPH’s Employer Questions about AB 685 page.
Click here to access CDPH’s Responding to COVID-19 in the Workplace for Employers guidance document.
Click here to access Cal/OSHA’s FAQ page Covid-19 Infection Prevention Requirements (AB685): Enhanced Enforcement and Employer Reporting Requirements